Risk factors for cataracts:
Excessive alcohol consumption
Symptoms of cataracts:
Difficulty with night vision
Sensitivity to glare
Halos seen around lights
There are surgical treatments to remove cataracts, which involve the placement of an artificial lens once the affected lens is taken out. Consult your eye specialist if you experience any of the above symptoms.
Glaucoma – more than two million Americans over the age of 40 are affected by glaucoma, which is actually a group of conditions affecting vision rather than a single condition. Glaucoma, if left untreated, can cause vision loss or even, in severe cases, destroy your vision completely.
When the fluid in the eye, aqueous humor, is unable to get out through the normal channels in the iris and cornea, increased pressure in the eye results and vision loss could begin.
Causes of this buildup of fluid may include:
Medications like corticosteroids
High blood pressure
Restricted eye drainage
Impaired blood flow to the optic nerve
Risk factors for glaucoma:
Eye problems such as trauma to the eye or inflammation
Health problems like diabetes
Symptoms of glaucoma:
Severe pain in the eye
Nausea and/or vomiting
Sudden visual disturbances
Colored rings surrounding lights
Glaucoma may be treated with medications or, in some cases, surgery. Rarely there is complete loss of vision. Any vision loss due to this condition is permanent.
The various things that can destroy your vision can seem scary, but you can significantly reduce your chances of experiencing any of these issues by maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. In addition, you should get regular eye exams and report any changes in your vision or eye health to your eye specialist or health care provider.